Depression: In the First or the Second Brain?

Today, it is estimated that one out of every five American adults suffers a mental-health condition (43.7 million Americans—more than the combined populations of New York and Florida), and the statistic only seems to be worsening. Additionally, from 2011 to 2014, rates of youth depression increased from 8.5 percent to 11.1 percent; many youth are unable to access adequate treatment. The medical establishment blames brain-based imbalances for this epidemic. But…